anti-CD73 monoclonal antibody MEDI9447

A monoclonal antibody against the ectoenzyme CD73 (cluster of differentiation 73), also known as 5′-nucleotidase (5′-NT; ecto-5′-nucleotidase) with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, anti-CD73 monoclonal antibody MEDI9447 targets and binds to CD73, leading to clustering of and internalization of CD73. This prevents CD73-mediated conversion of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to adenosine and decreases the amount of free adenosine. This prevents adenosine-mediated lymphocyte suppression and increases the activity of CD8-positive effector cells. This also activates macrophages, and reduces both myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T-lymphocytes. By abrogating the inhibitory effect on the immune system and enhancing the cytotoxic T-cell-mediated immune response against cancer cells, tumor cell growth decreases. In addition, clustering and internalization of CD73 decreases the migration of cancer cells and prevents metastasis. CD73, a plasma membrane protein upregulated on a number of cancer cell types, catalyzes the conversion of extracellular nucleotides, such as AMP, to membrane-permeable nucleosides, such as adenosine; it plays a key role in adenosine-mediated immunosuppression within the tumor microenvironment. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

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